The paper model of the Yak-7b
The paper model of the Yak-7b fighteris a Soviet single-engine fighter plane of the Great Patriotic War.
Materials and tools:
- scissors, paper knife, drawing ruler
- glue brushes and paint;
- watercolors (or pencils), toothpicks;
- clear acrylic glue ("Moment", etc.);
- to print the model matte photo paper with a density of 170-180 g / m2; for small parts - 70-80 g / m2.
- Before you assemble the part, read the drawings and instructions. Determine the place of each part and imagine its assembly;
- Make holes in details before cutting out the part;
- Cut only the part (s) you need right now. Unpacked items in a box, and unused sheets in a closed folder (as an option). Throwing out trash after work, carefully inspect the scrap paper;
- To better fold the part, it is necessary to hold the ruler along the fold line, pressing lightly with the blunt side of the knife or a toothpick so as not to damage the paper surface.Better to do it from the wrong side of the part;
- Keep your fingers clean and be sure to use wipes to wipe your hands, because hands may get dirty in the process;
- wind up cylindrical parts before gluing onto a round object of a suitable diameter, this will give them shape;
- Before gluing it is necessary to paint the ends of the part. White crop lines spoil the overall look of the model. To paint the ends, use watercolors or gouache paints. After selecting the desired color, apply them in a thin layer, then allow the paint to dry. About markers better to forget;
- Take your time with gluing. First, cut out the part, paint it from the end, wait for the paint to dry, assemble the part. Attach it to the place where it should be to make sure everything is done correctly. And only then stick. Do not forget to let the glue dry.
A bit of history
Soviet single-engine fighter Yak-7b
Soviet single-engine fighter Yak-7b - Soviet single-engine fighter plane of the Great Patriotic War.It was developed at plant number 301 shortly after the start of the war, at the initiative of the brigade of the design bureau A. S. Yakovlev, assisted in the development of the Yak-7UTI, led by the leading engineer KV Sinelschikov, on the basis of the Yak-7UTI training aircraft . Full armament was installed: one ShVAK cannon with an ammunition of 120 shells, two ShKAS synchronous machine guns with an ammunition of 1,500 rounds of ammunition and a suspension for six rocket cannons (three under each wing of the wing) for RS-82 rocket launchers; unprotected gas tanks were replaced with protected ones, equipment and controls were dismantled from the instructor’s cabin (rear), after which it could be used to transfer technical personnel and cargo when relocating parts, delivering pilots from forced landing, placing an additional gas tank, photographic equipment, bombs, and for other purposes.
Produced Yak-7 since 1941, a total of 6399 aircraft were built in 18 different versions, including training and combat. By the end of 1942, he began to be replaced at a heightened pace by a more advanced Yak-9, which later became the most massive Soviet fighter of the Great Patriotic War.The first Yak-7 entered service with the IAP during the battle of Moscow. In particular, five Yak-7s were registered in November 1941 as part of the 172nd NAL of the Air Force of the Western Front. &Nbsp;
During the counteroffensive of the Soviet troops of this regiment, German troops in the Teryaev Sloboda-Volokolamsk-Ruza area stormed.
Fighters Yak-7B in large quantities used on the Stalingrad front. So, in August 1942, the 4th IAP was re-equipped on the Yak-7B, in which Amet-Khan Sultan and V.D. fought before the transfer to the 9th GIAP. Lavrinenkov. &Nbsp;
Since August, the 910th IAP, newly formed in Khimki, took part in the battles on the Stalingrad front, and the Yak-7B was also armed. Later, the 910th regiment received the rank of Guards. The 910th IAP (148th GIAP) was fought by V.P. Ivanov, who shot down 20 aircraft in 50 air battles personally and four in a group. Almost all the war, Major Ivanov went to the Yak-7B, only in the spring of 1945 he moved to the Yak-3. On January 3, near Stalingrad, Ivanov shot down a four-engine FW 200, which removed the 6th Army's zoning fund from the boiler. &Nbsp;
Officially, because of the unfriendly attitude of the regiment commander to Ivanov, the victory was not counted. However, captured in the fallen Condor ” banners of the army of Paulus serve as weighty confirmation of an unusual victory.
The first fighter group in the Red Army Air Force, the main task of which was to maintain “freehunting” also formed during the fighting at Stalingrad, in its arsenal were Yak-7B. The group did not last long, but several planes from this group managed to overwhelm the famous ace AK Ryazanov (31 personally shot down aircraft, 16 group victories).
In April 1942, the famous 434th IAP was formed. The regiment commander became II. Kleshchev. Personnel for this elite unit was personally selected by the head of the Red Army Air Force Inspection, Colonel V.I. Stalin. Preference was given to graduates of the Kachinsky Aviation School, pilots, instructors. During the summer of 1942, the regiment, fighting on the Yak-1, shot down about 90 aircraft at Stalingrad. In September, the Yak-1 was replaced by Yak-7B (it was in the regiment and several new ones then Yakov with cut gargrot), and the regiment was replenished with new pilots. The commander of one of the squadrons was S.F. Dolgushin. In total, during their stay at the Stalingrad front, the pilots of the special-purpose regiment shot down 163 fascist aircraft. November 21, 1942. The 434th IAP became the 32nd Guards. &Nbsp;
From the end of January, the 32nd GIAP acted on the Kalinin Front in the Spas-Demyansk area, Vasily Stalin became the co-mandir of the regiment.Stalin flew the Yak with tail number 12, made dozens of sorties, had two or three victories. In one of the battles, by a miracle, “Focke-Wulf” was not shot down, the son of the Supreme Commander was saved by Dolgushin.
In 1942 Yak-7 was used on the whole front from the Barents Sea to the Black Sea.
On the Leningrad front, fighters of this type are imported with “Tomogavkov” in December 1942, one of the first to rearm the 29th Guards Regiment. In this part, the Yak-9 fought, sat down on the forced.
Hero of the Soviet Union, Captain A.V. Chirkov (29 personal victories and nine in the group). The Yak-7B with a cut-off gargrot and a drop-shaped lantern passed tests on the Kalininsky front in the 42nd IAP of the 260th IAD of the 6th Air Army. &Nbsp;
From November 17 to December 13, 1942, 242 sorties were flown, six air battles were fired, in which two Bf 109Ps and one FW 189 and Hs 126 were shot down each, and their losses were one Yak-7B. In the same regiment, the Yak-7, armed with a 37-mm cannon, was driven around in front-line conditions. 12 air battles were conducted on the Yak-7-37, 10 enemy aircraft were shot down (eight Bf 109P, one FW 190, one Hs 129), four Yaks were shot down, three were seriously damaged.
Yak-7 took part in the Battle of Kuban, in particular, they were armed with the 788th IAP Air Defense.For fights in the South of Russia, the 788th IAP in April 1943 received the rank of Guards and became the 84th GIAP. In the case of Savitsky, the Yakami-7 was armed with the 812th IAP transferred from the Far East. May 1, 1943 pilots of the 812th regiment, PT. Tarasov and N.M. Lisitsin managed to force B-109 to land at his airfield.
In 1943, the Karelian Front increased significantly, in 1944 the quantitative composition of the Red Army air force fighter aircraft: for example, the 15th Air Army was replenished with the 315th IAD, which was armed with the Yak-7 and La-5 (out of three the regiment of the division of the Yaks was armed with one - 431st). Preparation for the Battle of Kursk began in the spring. Thus, the commander of the Air Force in the directive of May 5, 1943 ordered a series of strikes on enemy airfields with the aim of facilitating the mastering of air superiority over the Kursk ledge. The next day, the 315th IAD in full force took part in the raid on the Orel airfield. It is interesting to note that the morning attack was carried out only by the aircraft of the 315th iad, and the La-5 was used for strikes against ground targets, and the Yak-7 covered them from attacks by German fighters. The raid lasted 10 minutes, on the ground, 20 bombers were destroyed and 15 Not 111 and Ju 88 bombers were damaged without any loss.The next day, the aircraft of the 315th IAD bombed and stormed the Solntsevo airfield, at the departure a group air battle began with “Messers”, which managed to shoot down three Yaks. Another series of raids on German airfields near Kursk and Orel were conducted by Soviet aircraft in June. Aircraft of the 315th IAD bombed the Karachev airfield; still in the shock group were La-5, in the covering - Yak-7. In the defensive battles at the Kursk Bulge, aviation of the 15th Army did not take part, its hour came when our troops began the operation "Kutuzov".
Even in 1944, the Yak-7 was still in service with the army. Thus, a fighter of this type was armed in the spring of 1944 with the 15th reconnaissance air regiment of the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet.
Your first “messer”thepilotofthe728thiapAVVorozheikinshotdowntheYak-7intheskyoftheKurskBulge.
He won six victories in Khalkhin Gol, and in May 1945 he had 52 victories. The Yak-7B made the first combat missions of ace number 1 jet aircraft Yevgeny Pepelyaev. During the war years he served in the Far East; Far Eastern pilots were sent to internships in combat units so that they could gain combat experience and “smellgunpowder”. As such a trainee E.G.Pepelyaev made 12 combat missions on the Yak-7B in November 1943 as part of the 162nd IAP.
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