Features of sowing pepper

In the summer, passing through the market rows, we admire the harvest of Bulgarian and hot peppers grown by amateur gardeners, and we regret our failures with regret. And yet you can learn any business, especially if you really want it.

Selection of seeds

There are no trifles in the process of growing peppers, everything is important. However, the sowing season begins with a seed. Having arrived at a specialized store, we are delighted with the variety of color pictures on the packages, with the image of ripe, large and beautiful fruits.
Features of sowing pepper
Taking into the hands of any of them it is necessary to be aware that what is painted may not correspond to reality. When packing, there is always a “human factor” and re-grading is quite possible. The second factor not in favor of packaged seeds is the specified germination period. Wondering why the peppers do not sprout, we do not even think aboutthat their germination depends on:
  • physiological maturity of the fetus;
  • finishing conditions;
  • storage conditions;
  • conditions that are created for germination.
If the germination of melon seeds (watermelon, cucumber) is up to eight years old, then no more than three peppers. However, the manufacturer, or packer, stubbornly indicates four years.
 Pepper sowing characteristics
Of course this is a marketing move, and it's easier to say - cheating. Therefore, when purchasing seeds, it is especially necessary to look closely at the date of packing.

Sprouting seeds

Many beginning vegetable growers sow dry seeds, and then wait a long time for seedlings. When dry sowing, even if the temperature is maintained around 30, seedlings will appear no earlier than 20 days.
 Features of sowing pepper
Experienced gardeners carry out wet germination. For this purpose, a napkin, toilet or filter paper is placed in the container, warm water is poured in, and the seeds are laid. Everything is wrapped in a plastic bag and installed in a warm place (battery, radiator, stove, etc.).The temperature can be controlled tactilely, just with a hand should be very warm, but not hot. If the seeds of pepper have good germination, then in 3 - 4 days an embryo will appear. It makes no sense to despair if not all the seeds have proklikulis. A normal indicator for the germination of pepper seeds is 65 - 70%. Therefore, if out of 10 they showed viability 6, this is normal.

Seeds and the lunar calendar

Novice gardeners complain that seed germination is bad because of the wrong day of sowing. The lunar calendar can not affect the germination of your seeds. If they are old, harvested from unripe fruits, stored at an inappropriate temperature and humidity, the night light cannot add to their germinating energy. To have your own opinion on this, wet the same seeds, but on different days on the calendar , and you are convinced that many other factors besides the Moon are important for germination.

Sowing dates

By the time the planting of the open ground begins, seedlings of pepper should be 55 to 60 days old. However, if you grow it in individual containers and you will be transplanted by transfer, without destroying the earthen coma,then the transplant dates are not particularly important. If the seedlings are grown in a general capacity, and the transplantation will be carried out without an earthen coma, then the period of 50 - 60 days is critical, and the pepper must be “younger” than this age. that if there are buds and flowers on the seedlings, there will be an early harvest. During the period of transplantation, the plant is under stress, and the flowers are not pollinated. Lagging on the landing, you will lose the first fruits, and it will take time to restore the potential.

Sowing seeds

If earlier, for gardening, gardeners harvested a soil mixture from autumn, now there is no need for that. Specialized stores sell universal soil mixes for seedlings. These soils are balanced, nutritious and decontaminated. Using ready-made soils, you are guaranteed to have good shoots. Filling the container, compact the soil. Spread on its surface only those seeds that showed the "point" of growth. Cover with 1 to 1.5 cm of earth. Sprinkle with warm water from a spray bottle. Wrap in a plastic bag, and put in a well-heated place. Pepper culture is thermophilic, to get fast shoots a temperature of about 30 is needed? S. After 5-6 days, the pepper will rise.Now remove the bag and put the peppers in the brightest place, this will prevent the draw. During this period, the temperature should be lowered. Daytime within the limits of 19 - 22, and night 17 - 18 degrees.  Pepper sowing special features
When two real leaves are well developed on pepper, as in the photo, it will be ready for picks . Sowing and growing seedlings of peppers is not difficult, but each part of the technological chain has its own characteristics, compliance with which will guarantee success.

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